What is Cryptocurrency? Top 10 Cryptocurrencies in world

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What is Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a digital asset with the primary function of working as a medium of exchange value within a peer-to-peer economic system that uses cryptography to verify and secure transactions and control the creation of additional units. This is little complicated answer of What is Cryptocurrency. Let find out in details and simple way what is cryptocurrency.

Unlike centralized banking systems, most cryptocurrencies are decentralized by a distributed network of computers spread worldwide, also known as nodes. Anyone with internet or weak-signal radio access can exchange valuables across continents with a button click.

The costs for cryptocurrency transactions are low compared to intercontinental bank transfers, and the transactions are irreversible unlike in charge-back transactions permitted by credit card companies. The network architecture determines the issuance and management of cryptocurrency units, which is based on programmed algorithms and cryptographic proofs.

These can be considered as a predefined set of rules, also known as the protocol, that defines how the cryptocurrency system operates. Being decentralized means that a single entity cannot control cryptocurrencies, and transactions may occur directly between users without the need to rely on a third-party intermediary.

However, private companies and foundations manage and develop many cryptocurrencies, so there are varying degrees of decentralization. Some cryptocurrencies can be considered more centralized than others depending on network structure and node distribution. The core component for most cryptocurrencies is a technology called Blockchain.

It consists of a linear chain of multiple linked blocks that are cryptographically secured. Each block contains, among other things, a list of recent transactions and a reference to the block that came immediately before it. Blockchain is responsible for keeping a permanent record of all confirmed transactions, working as a decentralized digital ledger. This ledger is distributed across all the nodes in the network, making it highly resistant to modification.

Bitcoin

The first decentralized cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, was created in 2009 by pseudonymous developer Satoshi Nakamoto. The main idea was to create an independent and decentralized electronic payment system based on mathematical proofs and cryptography. Like most cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin has a limited supply, meaning that the system will generate no more Bitcoins after the maximum supply is reached.

Usually, the total supply is public information defined when the cryptocurrency is created.

Among Bitcoin today, there are over a thousand different cryptocurrencies, also called altcoins or alternative coins. All with different properties and use cases. To get a more in-depth look into the world of cryptocurrencies and the technologies behind them, read other articles on Binance Academy. I think you might have a clear idea in your head what is cryptocurrency.

  1. Bitcoin (BTC) Market cap: $377 billion.
  2. Ethereum (ETH) Market cap: $165 billion.
  3. Tether (USDT) Market cap: $67 billion.
  4. U.S. Dollar Coin (USDC) Market cap: $47 billion.
  5. Binance Coin (BNB) Market cap: $46 billion.
bitcoinBitcoin
$ 23,365.261.95%
ethereumEthereum
$ 1,653.611.35%
tetherTether
$ 1.000.3%
bnbBNB
$ 330.540.62%
usd-coinUSD Coin
$ 1.000.05%
xrpXRP
$ 0.4099840.98%
binance-usdBinance USD
$ 1.000.16%
cardanoCardano
$ 0.4037920.32%
dogecoinDogecoin
$ 0.0918161.28%
matic-networkPolygon
$ 1.220.74%

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bitcoin
Bitcoin (BTC) $ 23,365.26
ethereum
Ethereum (ETH) $ 1,653.61
tether
Tether (USDT) $ 1.00
usd-coin
USD Coin (USDC) $ 1.00
bnb
BNB (BNB) $ 330.54
binance-usd
Binance USD (BUSD) $ 1.00
cardano
Cardano (ADA) $ 0.403792
solana
Solana (SOL) $ 24.52
dogecoin
Dogecoin (DOGE) $ 0.091816
polkadot
Polkadot (DOT) $ 6.97
dai
Dai (DAI) $ 1.00
shiba-inu
Shiba Inu (SHIB) $ 0.000012
matic-network
Polygon (MATIC) $ 1.22
xrp
XRP (XRP) $ 0.409984
tron
TRON (TRX) $ 0.063827
uniswap
Uniswap (UNI) $ 7.08
avalanche-2
Avalanche (AVAX) $ 21.25
litecoin
Litecoin (LTC) $ 99.40
chainlink
Chainlink (LINK) $ 7.22
axie-infinity
Axie Infinity (AXS) $ 11.41
the-sandbox
The Sandbox (SAND) $ 0.759359
pancakeswap-token
PancakeSwap (CAKE) $ 4.34
1inch
1inch (1INCH) $ 0.560836
sushi
Sushi (SUSHI) $ 1.56
link
LINK (LN) $ 41.98